Image result for black sheep

                                                                                                                  Crime and Punishment

Like most families, the Lovelocks are not without their 'bad eggs' or 'black sheep' - individuals who for one reason or another have committed a crime, for which they have been apprehended, and eventually punished. John Lovelock produced an article for the second edition of 'Lovelock Lines' that provided details of a number of cases. On this page are the stories, such as we can assemble them, of some other erring Lovelocks.

Image result for black sheep

Miscreants in England and Wales

Henry James Lovelock who appears in the Lieflock Line.

Henry started his 'career' when young.  'The Portsmouth Evening News' of 9 October 1886 reported: 'Henry James Lovelock, 14, of 3, Park Street, Forton, was charged with stealing from the Marine Barracks a case of surgical instruments, value £2 2s - Corporal George Wright-Barfield, of the Royal Marine Light Infantry, stated that yesterday the prisoner's mother brought him to the barracks to see if he was big enough to pass as a drummer. Witness measured him, and soon after he was gone missed the case containing the instruments. - Prisoner was remanded until Tuesday.' When he was brought up on remand on 16 October, he pleaded guilty and was fined 11s.

Then a while later an item in the 'Devizes and Wiltshire Gazette' of Thursday 18 September 1890 reported that 'Henry James Lovelock, a young man apprenticed at Mrs Watley's iron foundry, was charged on remand with stealing two florins and two shillings from a till in the bar of the King's Arms Inn, Pewsey, on the 7th inst. Mr George Plank is the landlord of the inn, and on Sunday night, the 7th inst., about seven o'clock prisoner, who was with two companions in the tap room, suddenly got up and left them. He remained away for some considerable time and eventually Mrs Plank, the landlady, went into the bar and found Lovelock with the till half open and his hand in it. She seized hold of his hand, in which were the two florins and two shillings. She at once sent for the police and charged him with the theft. He was taken into custody and brought before the magistrates on the following Monday, when he was remanded until the petty sessions. He now pleaded guilty and expressed regret for what he had done. He was sentenced to three months' imprisonment with hard labour.'

But that was by no means his only experience of hard labour.  'The Gloucester Citizen' of 13 Feb 1902 reported: 'A remarkable system of alleged wholesale robbery was revealed at the Newport Police-court on Wednesday, when Henry James Lovelock, alias Bishop, who has been committed to the Monmouth Assizes by the Pontypool magistrates, was brought up from Usk gaol , under a writ of habeas corpus, to answer several charges of stealing passengers' luggage, the property of the Great Western Railway Company, as carriers, from the Newport railway station. Prisoner was committed for trial at the Monmouth Assizes next week.' One week later the same paper reported: 'Monmouth Assizes: Henry James Bishop (26), labourer, pleaded guilty to two charges of larceny at Newport, in January last, and was sentenced to nine months' imprisonment with hard labour. There was another charge against prisoner of attempted assault on a little girl at Abersychan on December 31st. He was found guilty, and sentenced to two years' imprisonment with hard labour.' In fact it seems that he had indecently assaulted the girl on 4 occasions and may have faced 3 theft charges. There is no indication whether the two sentences were concurrent or consecutive.

Stephen Lovelock who appears in the Ropley, Crondall and Dogmersfield Tree.

The 'Salisbury and Winchester Journal' of 9 February 1856 reported that James Lovelock, Stephen Lovelock and William Smith were committed to the Hampshire County Prison (at Winchester) for uttering counterfeit coin at Odiham. The 'Reading Mercury' of 8 March 1856 described both James and Stephen as gardeners, and gave their ages as 37 and 31 respectively, and recorded that they pleaded guilty. In this version of the proceedings the coins were said to have been uttered at Yately and Dogmersfield. Stephen was sentenced to six months' imprisonment.

Stephen was at it again in 1862, for the 'Aldershot Military Gazette' reported that on 16 September at Odiham Petty Sessions in Hampshire he was committed for trial charged on four different counts of uttering counterfeit coin. The Reading Mercury reported on 20 September 1862 that Stephen was charged with passing two counterfeit half-crowns and two florins, and that he had in his possession six other counterfeit half-crowns.

A report in the 'Hampshire Advertiser' of 13 December 1862 stated that 'Stephen Lovelock pleaded guilty to feloniously uttering, after a former offence, to numerous persons and having in his possession divers false and counterfeit silver coins, well knowing the same to be spurious, at Hartley Whitney, on September 13th'. It was also reported that he said he was in great distress at the time.

Nonetheless he was sentenced to 9 months' imprisonment.

A second report, in the same paper on the same day, refers to Stephen as a gardener, states that the counterfeit coins were half-crowns, and adds that not only did Stephen plead guilty to the charge, but 'also to a previous conviction for the same offence'.

He does appear to be a thoroughly incorrigible rogue. In the 1851 Census he was amongst the prisoners recorded in the House of Correction in Cold Bath Fields, Clerkenwell, Middlesex.

James Lovelock who also appears in the Ropley, Crondall and Dogmersfield Tree.

James was the brother of Stephen above, and was mentioned in the 'Salisbury and Winchester Journal' report of 9 February 1856,  wherein it was stated that he was also committed to the Hampshire County Prison for uttering counterfeit coin at Odiham. The 'Reading Mercury' report states that James was sentenced to eighteen months' imprisonment. As his sentence was more severe than Stephen's he must have been regarded as the ringleader.

Just like his brother, one spell in prison was not enough for James. The 1861 Census records him amongst the prisoners in Newgate Gaol in London, awaiting trial, having been committed there on 25 March. He was tried before the Common Sergeant on 9 April 1861, charged with 'Unlawfully uttering Counterfeit Coin well knowing the same to be Counterfeit'. He was found Guilty and sentenced to 12 months in the House of Correction at Clerkenwell.

Daniel Lovelock who appears in the Tangley Tree.

Daniel may be one of the subjects of an item in the 'Salisbury and Winchester Journal' of 23 January 1837 which noted that Daniel Lovelock, David Lovelock and William Hailstone were committed to Marlborough Bridewell for two months each, and to find sureties, for a trespass at Burbage.

David Lovelock who also appears in the Tangley Tree.

David was the uncle of Daniel above. He may also be one of the subjects of the item in the Salisbury and Winchester Journal of 23 January 1837.

The 'Devizes and Wiltshire Gazette' noted on 4 November 1841 that David Lovelock had been committed to Marlborough Bridewell for re-examination, charged with having stolen a coat and smockfrock, the property of Thomas Lovelock at Burbage.

The 'Salisbury and Winchester Journal' of 17 February 1849 reported that David had been sent to the Marlborough Bridewell for 6 weeks, for stealing wood at Burbage. He was not to complete this, his last sentence, for on 4 March 1849, whilst still incarcerated, he died.

He may also be the subject of an item in the 'Devizes and Wiltshire Gazette' of 15 November 1827 which reported that David Lovelocke (sic) had been sent to the House of Correction at Devizes, for two months, for a misdemeanour in the service of Mr St John Hewitt, of Great Bedwin.

William Lovelock who appears in the Collingbourne Kingston Tree.

William was amongst 9 men who, according to a report in the 'Salisbury and Winchester Journal' of 10 November 1828, were committed for 3 months to the House of Correction at Devizes, for breaches of the game laws.

Edward Lovelock who appears in the Lyneham Line.

An item in the 'Western Daily Press' of 7 July 1877 reported that Edward had been sentenced to 14 days at Gloucestershire Quarter Sessions for embezzling 8 shillings from T T Pearce at Berkeley. The Gloucestershire Gaol Index records that he had been committed on 5 July, was aged 34, and was a Labourer from Berkeley.

Henry John Lovelock who appears in the Lyneham Line.

At the age of 16 Henry John appeared at the Winchester Assize on 4 Apr 1892 charged with 'Unlawfully and knowingly obtaining of and from Walter Edwin Allen four pounds weight of mutton, of the value of three shillings and fourpence, his property, with intent to defraud, at Hawley, on 5th February 1892'. He was found Guilty of Obtaining Goods by false pretences and sentenced to 21 days' hard labour.

But the lesson was not learned, and on 2 July 1894 he appeared at the Buckinghamshire Assize at Aylesbury on two separate indictments of trying to obtain boots in Eton by false pretences. He pleaded guilty, and was sentenced to two months' hard labour.

Charles Lovelock who appears in the Bethnal Green Tree.

An item in 'The Era' of Sunday, 18 February 1844, presented a list of tradesmen whose cases had been brought before the bench of magistrates by Mr Child, Inspector of Weights and Measures for the Western Division of Middlesex. Amongst them was listed Charles Lovelock, General Dealer of Golden Lane, Clerkenwell. For having a penny piece fixed under a weighing machine he was fined 10 shillings.

Walter Lovelock who appears in the Luckington Tree.

An item in the 'Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette' of 10 April 1823 reported that for stealing a heifer, the property of W Wilkins of Luckington, Wilts, Walter had been capitally convicted at Gloucester Assizes. An item on the same case appeared in the 'Worcester Journal' of 23 April 1823.

This seems likely to be the Walter Lovelock from Chipping Sodbury who, at the age of 42, was committed to Gloucester Gaol on 2 Nov 1822, according to the Gloucestershire Gaol Index. This would be consistent with being remanded to await trial at the Lent Assizes of 1823. At those Assizes, on 2 April 1823, Walter was condemned, but reprieved, although the entry of relevance says 'See penitentiary register', which document states that he was to undergo a period of one year's hard labour, in lieu of his capital conviction.

We have a record of the burial of Walter, aged 58, at Chipping Sodbury in 1837, so he obviously avoided any further misdemeanours, or at least being apprehended for any!

This may also be the Walter Lovelock, of unspecified age, who appeared at the 1813 Lent Assizes, possibly in Bristol, charged with aiding in a Felony, but no bill was presented.

Louisa Lovelock who appears in the St Pancras (Main) Tree.

Louisa must be the most tragic and unfortunate Lovelock to find her way onto this page. She was taken into custody on 21 August 1901, aged 56, accused of stealing a roll of cloth, the property of Albert Chisman, and of receiving the same well knowing it to have been stolen. She was tried at the Clerkenwell Police Court on 4 September 1901 and sentenced to 10 months' hard labour in Wormwood Scrubs prison. The sentence might at first seem a trifle harsh, but perhaps not when taking into account that on 2 March 1898 she was sentenced to 10 days' imprisonment for stealing shoes, on 30 April 1898 to 21 days for stealing vests, on 21 June 1898 to 6 weeks for stealing linen, on 8 August 1898 to 3 months for stealing boots, on 16 May 1899 to 3 months for stealing a dress, on 3 October 1899 to 4 months for stealing curtains, on 13 June 1900 to 6 months for stealing beef, and on 2 January 1901 to 8 months hard labour for stealing 4 pairs of knickers. 

Louisa was born Louisa Howard, and had married Henry Lovelock in 1866. On the night of the 1871 Census she was a patient in the Metropolitan Asylum District Hospital in Hampstead. There was no information recorded of course to explain why she was there. The couple can be found in the 1881 and 1891 Census Returns, but Henry died in early 1898. Was that, perhaps, what triggered Louisa's mini-crime-wave? By the time of the 1911 Census she was an inmate of the Islington Workhouse, and she eventually died somewhere in the Islington area in early 1916. Clearly Louisa was either an inept kleptomaniac or a totally inept thief, and the various terms of imprisonment did nothing to change her ways.

James Lovelock who can not at present be linked to any family tree.

An item in the 'Devizes and Wiltshire Gazette' of 25 July 1822 reported that at the Berkshire Assizes James was sentenced to 14 days' imprisonment for assaulting Hannah Ryson, at Childrey, with intent to commit a rape.

John Lovelock who can not at present be linked to any family tree.

An item in the 'London Daily Advertiser' of 25 Apr 1738 reported:

'Whereas John Lovelock, of Stratford-Langthorn in the County of Essex, and Anthony Green, of the same Town and County, were indicted at the Assizes holden at Chelmsford for the said County of Essex, on Wednesday the 1st of March last, for a Conspiracy, and unlawfully defrauding of one Mrs Sarah Baker of several large Sums of Money; and the said John Lovelock has since been apprehended, and given in bail, therefore this is to give Notice, that whoever shall apprehend the said Anthony Green, so that he may be brought to Justice, shall receive the Sum of Twenty Guineas, to be paid by Mr John George, Attorney at Law, at the Young British Coffee-House near Ludgate. N.B. The said Anthony Green is about five Foot ten Inches high, well made, has a fresh or ruby Countenance; and, as he says himself, born in Lincolnshire, commonly call'd Dr Green.

In the King's Bench Patty Lovelock, Wife of John Lovelock, of Kensington in the County of Middlesex, Clothworker, maketh Oath, that about ten Years since, she, this Deponent, was married at Bradford in the County of Wilts by Mr Rogers, the Minister of the said Parish of Bradford, to the said John Lovelock. Patty Lovelock
Sworn at Tetbury in the County of Gloucester, the 18th day of April, in the Year of our Lord 1738, before me.
Fr Savage, a Commissioner.
N.B. This Affidavit was taken in the Presence of Mr Saunders and Mr Harding.

The above unhappy Mrs Lovelock has declar'd in publick what Share the innocent Mr Green had both in her Match and Plunder of her Estate and Assetts: Those inhuman Wretches not being content with getting from her (through false Pretences) upwards of 2000l, but her unworthy Husband (after leaving her) confess'd a Judgment to one of their Gang, who immediately stript her House, taking so much as the Bed from under her, and all her Cloaths, except what she had on her Back, turning her and her Child out of Doors: In this Distress they lay some Nights in the Stable on Straw; all which is well known to their trusty and renown'd Friend and Accomplice near Smithfield, a Man notoriously remarkable for saying and acting everything but what is true and honest. The said Mrs Lovelock a few Days since receiv'd a letter from one Mr Hunt, near Hyde-Park, not to acknowledge her Marriage; but in Justice to her Sex, and to prevent others from falling into the like unhappy Snare, it was thought proper the Truth should be published.'

A somewhat confusing tale, but we do have in our 'Lovelocks in Wiltshire' collection the marriage of John Lovelock and Patty Cam in Bradford on 9 Jun 1727. Miss Cam must have been a lady of considerable substance to have had a fortune of £2000, which whilst having a real price value of about £300,000 in 2017, would at the time have had a purchasing power of almost £40, 000, 000. For Mrs Lovelock, as she became, having to sleep on straw in the Stables, quite apart from her material losses, must have come as a significant shock. Bradford-on-Avon was a thriving woollen-weaving town in the 17th Century, and still very active in the 18th, so John Lovelock's trade of Clothworker was consistent with being there. Perhaps Miss Cam was related to one of the clothiers that Daniel Defoe, following a visit in the early 18th century, commented upon, saying: "They told me at Bradford on Avon that it was no extra-ordinary thing to have clothiers in that county worth £10,000 to £40,000 per man".

John Lovelock who can not at present be linked to any family tree.

An item in the 'Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette' of 13 July 1769 reported 'At Winchester Assize, which ended on Friday, the six following were capitally convicted, and received sentence of death, viz. William Tilbury, Martha Pitts, and John Scott, for house-breaking; John Lovelock and Thomas Nalder, for sheep-stealing; and Joseph Clements for felony.'

No record has yet surfaced to confirm that the sentence on John was carried out.

Richard Lovelock who can not at present be linked to any family tree.

An item in the 'Newcastle Courant' of 29 July 1738 reported that 'last Wednesday the Assizes ended at Abingdon, for Berkshire, when George Fuller for Horse-stealing, Richard Lovelock for the Highway, and Thomas Mascal for House-breaking, received sentence of Death, but before the judges set out for Oxford they were pleased to change it to Transportation.'

No record of his Transportation, which at that date would have been to the Americas, seems to have survived.

Ruth Lovelock who can not at present be linked to any family tree.

An item in the 'Hampshire Chronicle' of 21 January 1788 reported that on 15 January the General Quarter Sessions of the Peace commenced at the Castle, Winchester, and that for receiving stolen goods Ruth Lovelock was sentenced to six months imprisonment.

Thomas Lovelock who can not at present be linked to any family tree.

An item in the 'Hampshire Chronicle' of 29 March 1830 reported that Thomas Lovelock had been committed to the County Gaol, for stealing at Wood Mill lock, in the parish of South Stoneham, one piece of oak and one piece of beech plank, the property of Henry Twynham. The 'Hampshire Advertiser' of 24 April added that he had been sentenced to 3 months' imprisonment.

Unknown Lovelock

An item in the 'Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette' of 14 August 1766 reported 'Last Saturday night the dwelling house of Mr James Reed, in King's Square was broke open and robb'd of several things of value; and yesterday one Lovelock was apprehended at a house in the Horse-Fair, on suspicion of committing the robbery; he confessed the fact and was committed to Bridewell for further examination.'

Unknown Lovelock

An item in the 'Exeter Flying Post' of 28 March 1816 reported that at the Salisbury Assizes 'A man named Lovelock was ... fined £5 for keeping and using a gun, and for exposing to sale a hare. ... the Judge expressed disapprobation of any person suffering similar offenders to elude the penalties of the law; and he commented strongly on the dreadful consequences resulting to the community from the prevalence of this crime. His lordship assured the jury that he should always punish the crime wherever he could do so, because he was convinced it led to enormities of the darkest hue, and frequently to an ignominious death at the gallows.'

James Loveluck who appears in the Glamorgan Lovelucks tree.

The 'Dundee Courier' reported on 24 March 1893 that on the previous day in the Glamorgan Assizes at Cardiff James, described as a shipbroker, had been indicted on charges of embezzlement while secretary to the Glamorgan Central Permanent Building Society at Aberavon. He was found guilty, and sentence was deferred. The judge obviously had not been impressed by some of what he had heard for he was reported as saying that he would like to see some of the Society's directors in the dock.

The 'Sheffield Evening Telegraph' reported, also on 24 March, that the Judge was not at all satisfied with the manner in which the case had been got up by the prosecution - they had not shown that the prisoner had embezzled the money, and he considered that the directors had grossly neglected their duty.

On 28 March the 'Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser' was able to report that James had been sentenced by Justice Cave to five years' penal servitude. Apparently before passing sentence his lordship elicited that though the Society's deficit was £20,000 the amount actually owing by James was less than £1500.

James did not serve his full sentence, dying on 2 February 1895, probably in Portland prison.

An earlier edition of the 'Dundee Courier' had reported on 31 December 1892 that James had absconded to Spain in June of that year but was brought back to Aberavon on 30 December by an Inspector Coles, who had been sent to Barcelona to receive him from the Spanish police authorities. James was said by the paper to have left the affairs of the Society in 'a deplorable condition', and the auditors had apparently reported a deficiency of £20, 537 4s 4d.


Convicts Transported to Australia

[This section encompasses many details kindly provided at various times by Steve Tanner, Colin Borrott-Maloney, Dianne Snowden, Mary Pipe and Vicki Houlbrooke.]

According to the National Archives website, between 1787 and 1868 over 160,000 people were transported to Australia. Amongst them were the following:

Robert Lovelock who appears in the Lambeth, Australia and New Zealand Tree.

The following information about him is drawn from his convict papers:

Robert Lovelock born about 1818, baptised 18 October 1818 at Bermondsey Saint Mary Magdalene, Surrey, England [Source IGI]; transported 1833 to NSW, Australia aged 18. He was educated to the extent that he could read and write. His religion was Protestant. He was five feet three quarters of an inch tall, with a dark complexion, dark brown hair and chestnut eyes(?). His distinguishing features were - 'Lost a front tooth left side upper jaw. Man upper, MB inside lower left arm, three small moles upper, bottle and glass and two tobacco pipes. RLAT, heart and two darts and P lower left arm. Five dots back of left hand near thumb'. He was a basketmaker by trade in London, but had several brushes with the law, having received a flogging and one month's gaol for previous offences. Then when he was 18 he received a sentence of transportation for life at the Surrey Assizes on 9th August, 1832 for 'stealing 28 yds of Cotton'. He was transported to Australia arriving in Sydney on 11 March 1833 on the ship 'Andromeda II".

Robert received a Ticket of Leave on 11 March 1844 on the recommendation of the Queanbyan Bench. On 3 December 1845 he and Ann Williams made an application to marry. Their ages were recorded at the time as 30 and 23 respectively, and like Robert Ann was also in possession of a Ticket of Leave. She appears to have arrived on the ninth voyage of the "Surry" and had been sentenced to 10 years. Presumably either the marriage never took place or Ann subsequently died, as consent for another marriage was given by K Robertson of Maharrata and the witnesses were K Robertson and J Nicholson of Chain Of Ponds. Robert signed his name in the church records for his marriage to Jane Currie on 26 September 1847 Church of England, Maharatta (registered Manaro), NSW, Australia (Ref:V1847381; 32C/1847) He worked on property in Monaro Highlands and died in 1875 at Cooma, NSW, Australia (Ref: 5751/1875) Jane died in 1906 at Adaminaby, NSW. (Ref: 321/1906)

(Passport No 44/0100, Ticket of Leave 43/1737. Source: State Records NSW Index to Ticket of Leave Passports. Shelf Ref: 4/4178 Reel No: 949)

Ancestry's "Prison Hulk Registers and Letter Books, 1802-1849" images show that Robert was recorded as aged 17, his crime as stealing 28 yds of Cotton, that he was convicted at Guildford on 9 August 1832, sentenced to Life, and sent to New South Wales on 8 November 1832.


James LOVELOCK who appears in the Lieflock Line [Note: there are still doubts whether this is the correct identification of James due to age inconsistencies between various documents.]

On 14 April 1834 the 'Salisbury and Winchester Journal' reported from the Wiltshire Quarter Sessions: 'Nathan James, for stealing a pig, the joint property of John Gould, and Thomas Platt, at Froxfield, and James Lovelock, for having received the same, knowing it to have been stolen, were sentenced to seven years' transportation'. A Robert Chivers was admitted evidence for the Crown.


                                        A typical Prison hulk

The 'Salisbury and Winchester Journal' of 5 May 1834 reported that James had been moved from Fisherton Gaol in Salisbury to the 'York Hulk' in Gosport. 

According to the 'Certificate of Freedom' granted to James at Port Macquarie on 9 June 1842 his trial had taken place on 8 April 1834, he was born in 1794, he was 5 feet 7 1/2 inches tall, had a ruddy complexion with freckles, light hair, grey eyes, his left eye was partly closed, he had sandy whiskers, his breast and arms were freckled, and he was disabled in both feet. His 'trade or calling' was recorded as Labourer.

James arrived at Sydney, New South Wales on 28 September 1835, having been transported on the third voyage of the ship "England" (Captain named Baron), and was aged 41.


Henry LOVELOCK who appears in the Tangley Tree.

Henry was tried and sentenced to 15 years' transportation at Winchester on 12 July 1843. He had apparently broken a shop window and was charged with highway robbery, although it is not clear whether he actually stole anything, and this conflicts with a newspaper report of 10 June (see below). Henry was described as 22 years of age, was 5 feet 5 1/2 inches tall, could read and write, was not married, and his religion was Protestant. He was in good health, and by way of occupation had been a Tanner for 6 years.

Henry was transported to Tasmania on H.M.S. Anson which departed from Southampton on 1 October 1843 and arrived in Hobart Town, Tasmania on 4 February 1844. The Captain's name was Coglin and the Surgeon was Andrew Millar M.D.. There were 227 convicts on board. The only cabin passenger was Captain Croft of 58th regiment and also aboard were non-paying convict school master, Peter John Jarbot and his new wife, Emma.

H.M.S. Anson was originally a 74 gun frigate converted to a convict ship at a cost of £12,309 and only made one voyage as a convict ship. It was converted for use as a women's prison and moored in the Derwent River. Early in 1851 the Anson was demolished and the women prisoners moved to the Cascades.

Henry worked for a Mr. Ryan from 5 February 1848 to 19 August 1848. He eventually gained his 'ticket of leave' (parole).

According to the 'Salisbury and Winchester Journal' of 10 June 1843 Henry Lovelock and William Cook were committed to the Gaol (presumably Winchester Prison) for stealing a watch, the property of William Hoare, at Vernham's Deane.

However, Henry's life of crime began much earlier. The 'Hampshire Advertiser' of 27 October 1838 reported from the Hampshire Michaelmas Quarter Sessions that 'Henry Lovelock, aged 16, and William Waight, aged 17, were indicted for having, on the 19th day of July instant, at the parish of Vernham Deane, feloniously stolen from the shop of Thomas Roach, one pair of gloves and several other articles his property - Six months imprisonment.'

According to his convict indent Henry was the son of Stephen and Mary Lovelock. The indent also records that he had 4 brothers: John, William, George and Joshua, at his Native Place of Vernham's Dean, Hants. [Indent ref: TAHO, CON14/1/25Deane]

Joshua LOVELOCK (alias Henry Hawkins) who appears in the Tangley Tree.

Joshua was the brother of Henry above. According to the 'Devizes and Wiltshire Gazette' of 17 November 1842 he was committed to the new prison at Devizes for 3 months for destroying game at Chute.

And according to an item in the 'Hampshire Advertiser & Salisbury Guardian' for Saturday 4 January 1851:

“GENERAL QUARTER SESSIONS. Henry Hawkins alias Joshua Lovelock pleaded quilty to the charge of having stolen eight heifers and two oxen, the property of Mrs Benjamin, of Coate, near Devises. This, it seems is not the first act of robbery which had been brought home to the prisoner. A former conviction was proved against him, and he was accordingly sentenced to ten years' transportation.” 

On-line records indicate that Joshua was transported on the 'William Jardine' which left Plymouth, England on May 3, 1852 bound for the Swan River Colony. The voyage took 88 days and the ship arrived in Fremantle on August 1, 1852 with 102 passengers and 212 convicts, including: 'Hawkins Henry, Reg No. 1273, Term 10y, Age 30, Trial Place Devizes, Trial Date 31 12 1850, Criminal Offence Sheep stealing, alias aka [LOVELOCK, Joshua]'.

Fremantle Jail records state that he was granted a Ticket of Leave on 1 October 1853 and a Conditional Pardon on 5 July 1856.


William LOVELOCK who appears in the Beckenham Tree.

At the age of 16 William was sentenced to 10 years' transportation for stealing a handkerchief. It is presumed that the harshness of the sentence was due to him having 'form', having been previously imprisoned for one month for an assault.
 
He was sentenced at the Central Criminal Court (commonly now called 'The Old Bailey') on 25 November 1844, and sailed from Woolwich in the convict ship 'Joseph Somes' on 22 December 1845. The ship was captained by George Thompson, and the Ship's Surgeon was James L Clarke.

William arrived in Tasmania on 19 May 1846, fortunately not being one of the 7 men, out of 250, who died on the voyage. He was only 5 ft 2.25 in tall, was unmarried, but could read and write, and was a Protestant. He was born in 'borough london bridge', that is, in Southwark. His trade was recorded as 'Shoemaker', and his family as father William, mother Sarah, brothers James and George, and sisters Rebecca and Ann.

On 9 March 1852 William was given permission to marry another convict, Anne Allen. However, the marriage did not take place, and Anne married another convict, Patrick Connor, in December 1852.

Our assumption is that William actually returned to England at the end of his sentence, and subsequently married a Lucy White in September 1855.


Convicts and Apprentices Transported to North America or the Caribbean

       According to the National Archives website, transportation from 1718 to 1776 was entirely to North America. After 1776 no convicts were sent there.

        Sue Lovelock provided the following information concerning Abraham LOVELOCK, who appears in the Lyneham Line:

From the Justicing Book of William Hunt 1744 - 1749:
'2 Apr 1747 Granted a warrant at the complaint of Mrs Anne Weston of Cote in the parish of Bishops Cannings, widow, against Abraham Lovelock late of Etchilhampton, shepherd, upon suspicion of burglarously entering into the dwelling house of the said Mrs Weston in the night time and taking away from thence one silver snuff box, gilt with gold, and one black snuff box together with several gold rings and money of gold coin. Upon searching after the same, the snuff boxes, rings and money were found in his possession. On hearing of the said complaint, I committed the said Abraham Lovelock to Fisherton gaol.'

On 1 Aug 1747 at the Salisbury Assizes Abraham pleaded guilty to felony and burglary. Sentenced to be hanged but sentence respited. On 5 Mar 1748, also at Salisbury Assizes, sentence was commuted to 14 years transportation. Transportation Bond to Virginia November 1748.


The following (also provided by Sue Lovelock) were taken from Peter Wilson Coldham's "The Complete Book of Emigrants" (four volumes) and "The Complete Book of Emigrants in Bondage" and supplement:

18 August 1662. Home counties prisoners reprieved to be transported to Barbados.
Surrey: Robert Joy of St. Saviour, Southwark; Rowland Rayner of Buckland;
William Lovelock of St. George, Southwark; James Singleton and Margaret Wright, spinster, of St. Olave, Southwark

Lovelock, John. Sentenced to transportation for stealing at Sandleford, Summer 1756; found at large Summer 1758 and ordered to Hampshire for trial on capital charge. Berkshire.

Lovelock, Nathaniel. Sentenced to transportation April 1742. Hampshire.


4 July 1683. The following were apprenticed in Middlesex:
Joyce Bibbsell of Hatfield, [Hertfordshire], aged 21, to Charles Bartholomew, 4 years Virginia;
Elizabeth Lovelock, aged 21, to Michael Staples, 5 years Maryland. (GLRO: MR/E/593).

20-23 July 1728. The following were bound to William Cash for Pennsylvania:
William Reynolds of King's Parish, Ireland, aged 16, to serve 7 years;
John Butterfield of St. Clement Danes, Middlesex, aged 16, to serve 4 years;
Daniel Lovelock of St. Botolph Aldgate, London, aged 16, to serve 7 years with the consent of his father Nicholas L.;
John Clement of St. Giles in the Fields, Middlesex, aged 19. (CLRO: ATSM/43-46).


Not Guilty - but still punished

        Richard Lovelock appears in the Farnham Tree.
The 'Essex Newsman' of 31 May 1887 reported Richard's sad case under the headline 'Alleged Conviction of an Innocent Man' as follows: 'Among the applicants for assistance at West Ham Police court on Saturday [28 May] was a man named Richard Lovelock, who was recently discharged from prison after undergoing a term of six months' hard labour for being concerned in the shooting and theft of some ducks at East Tilbury on October 17th last. The trial took place at the Essex Assize at Chelmsford, before Mr Justice Field. Lovelock's defence was an alibi supported by three witnesses, while his alleged accomplice, a man named Long, admitted his own guilt, but declared that Richard Lovelock was innocent. Public attention being called to the case, further evidence corroborating Lovelock's alibi was secured, and it was alleged that important testimony was withheld by the police as to the prisoner's whereabouts on the afternoon of that day, and this evidence, with the sworn affidavits of six witnesses, was forwarded to the Home Secretary, who, however, did not see fit to interfere. Since then Richard Lovelock's brother has been convicted for the same offence, and he then declared that his brother had nothing to do with it. - The applicant on Saturday said he would be glad if the magistrate could help him, for he found it very difficult to get work to do. He had a wife and two children, and he thought his case was very hard, for he had been falsely imprisoned for his brother. He said he now lived at 2 Holloway Road, Leytonstone; that he had been out of prison a month that day, and that his wife could do nothing, as she had only recently been confined. - The Magistrate: 'Well, you go to the Home Office, complain that you have been unlawfully convicted, and they will inquire into it. If there is anything in it perhaps some compensation will be given you, but I cannot say. I should go at once if I were you, and in the meantime I will give you 5s. from the poor-box. But do not say I have expressed any opinion about your case. I have not, for I don't know anything about it, but if it is a just one I hope it will be attended to.' - Applicant then thanked his worship. He is a master plasterer, but on account of his imprisonment he cannot get work as he used to do. He has been advised and has agreed to emigrate, and to assist him a fund has been opened to pay his and his family's fares to Australia or New Zealand. The Members of Parliament for the division, justices of the peace, and several clergymen have contributed to this fund, and working men have sent in their pence, but the sum of £35 is still needed for the purpose.'

Three witnesses supporting an alibi, an 'accomplice' who said Richard was not involved, and yet he was still found guilty. The disinterested Home Secretary was one Henry Matthews, later Viscount Llandaff of Hereford.

Whether or not the price of the family's fares to the Antipodes was ever raised, Richard with wife Emily (née Kilingback), daughters Emily and Daisy (the latter born at roughly the time her father emerged from prison), and son Richard were at 1 Cecil Road, Leyton, Essex in 1891, and Richard was back at his trade as a Plasterer. He and Emily had 12 children eventually, and Richard died in Essex in 1940.

Richard had brothers John, Stephen and James, but if one of them was the guilty party no report of the case has yet come to light.